Medieval Weapons


Click on images below to enlarge


  Axe   Mace  

Combat axes differ form axes designed to cut wood in that they are thin and slim at the back with a long edge to allow greater penetration into soft flesh.

Short Axe: 54cm handle length
Plain Axe: 66cm handle length



Essentially a lump of metal on a stick. Maces were made in a variety of sizes. They may be spiked, flanged etc. Sometimes spiked maces are incorrectly called morning stars.

Long Mace: 90cm total length
Short Mace: 66cm total length


  Sax   Broad Sword  

A moderately short, brutal, chopping sword. Often only has one sharpened edge.

Overall length: 80cm
Blade length: 66cm



Left: Overall length: 76cm
Blade length: 61cm
Middle: Overall length: 80cm
Blade length: 62cm
Right: Overall length: 77cm
Blade length: 61cm
Swords began as short and heavy broad swords. This was because they were typically used in close quarters hand-to-hand fighting (common in the early middle ages) and also due to the generally poor quality of the metal available at this time.
Swords generally became longer and thinner as mounted combat became more common, metallurgy improved and armour became heavier (necessitating stabbing attacks as opposed to the chopping ones typically used with broad swords).
  Long Sword   Scimitar  

Good at penetrating maille armour due to their highly pointed ends. Typically used for stabbing attacks.

Left: 97cm total length with a 79cm blade
Right: 98cm total length with a 79cm blade




A sword design common in the middle-east. Used for slicing attacks and often used from horseback.

97cm total length with an 81cm blade





  Pick   Cinque  

Generally in such a weapon the spike of a pick will be paired with a hammer head at the other end to combine the bludgeoning ability of a mace with the piercing power of a spike.

56cm total length



A Renaissance Italian dagger that evolved in response to laws that banned swords from being carried in cities due to problems with street crime. The solution: make the biggest dagger you could get away with.

55cm total length with a 40cm blade

Morning Star / Ball and Chain   Flail  

Used primarily because they were cheap, simple and scary / impressive. Despite this, they are not especially effective as a weapon and can prove a danger to both yourself and your companions as well as your enemies.

Large: 78cm handle
Small: 52cm handle


In some ways similar to the morning star but a little more practical. Often used by feudal lords to subdue their peasants as this is really quite a scary weapon.

67cm handle



  Katzbalger   War Hammer  

German broad sword - "cat gutter". One of a number of late medieval broad swords that returned to popularity among infantry notably when infantry began to reappear in a major way at the end of the middle ages.

74cm total length with a 62cm blade


Hammers, like Picks, will often be paired with a spike (though you do sometimes find picks without hammer heads and hammers without pick-like spikes).This is only quite a small example of a hammer.

70cm total length



  Bastard Swords  
123cm total length with a 96cm blade  
116cm total length with a 92cm blade  
111cm total length with a 87cm blade  


Used commonly in cavalry combat using either one or two hands.


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